Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

Introduction

April 11, 2024

Gastroenterology is the healthcare specialty that deals with most digestive diseases and disorders. A gastroenterologist is a specialist involved in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disorders of the digestive organs and liver. A proctologist is a subspecialist who treats disorders of the rectum and anus. Hepatology is a subspecialty that deals with liver disorders. A hepatologist is a specialist who focuses only on the liver.
      Gastrointestinal system disorders are common in the ambulatory care facility. Besides the gastroenterology department, patients with digestive concerns are seen in primary care, pediatrics, internal medicine, and urgent care settings.
The gastrointestinal (GI) system is also called the digestive system. It is made up of the gastrointestinal tract and the accessory organs, which are discussed in the following sections.


19.1 Critical Thinking Application
As Keith starts to review the anatomy of the digestive system, he tries to remember the major and accessory organs. List the major organs and accessory organs of the gastrointestinal system.