Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

Introduction

April 11, 2024

Pulmonology is the healthcare specialty that deals with respiratory diseases and disorders. A pulmonologist is a specialist involved in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disorders of the respiratory system.
Pulmonary procedures and treatments are common in the ambulatory care area. Besides the pulmonary department, patients with respiratory concerns are typically seen in primary and urgent care departments. Medical assistants measure peak flow rates, perform spirometry, and assist with pulmonary treatments. Nebulizer treatments and oxygen therapy are the most frequent pulmonary treatments in ambulatory care.


The Respiratory Tract
The respiratory system is divided into the upper respiratory tract and the lower respiratory tract. The upper respiratory tract structures are considered passageways for the air, whereas the lower respiratory tract structures are involved in gas exchange.
Anatomy of the Upper Respiratory Tract