Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress


April 11, 2024

The branch of medicine that deals with pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period is known as obstetrics, and the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the reproductive system in women is called gynecology. Frequently, a provider practices both specialties and is known as an OB/GYN provider. The assessment of the female reproductive system is an important part of healthcare. Patients are often hesitant and uncomfortable talking about sexual matters, so they wait until the symptoms are uncomfortable or the disease has advanced before they seek medical care. The medical assistant needs to be familiar with signs and symptoms of the diseases and conditions related to this specialty. In addition, the medical assistant must be aware of the patient’s emotional state and must give support when needed.
      In this chapter, we review the anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system and diseases and disorders of the reproductive system. We will also discuss the medical assistant’s role in gynecologic and obstetric procedures. A medical assistant has two roles in these situations:
                • Assist the provider in any way needed
                • Be there for the patient by helping her to be as comfortable as possible during her time in the healthcare facility
When we make patients feel comfortable, we help to establish a trusting relationship where patients will be able to share the information the provider needs in order to give them the best possible care.