Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

Language of science

May 3, 2021

Before reading the chapter, say each of these terms out loud. This will help you to avoid stumbling over them as you read.

abdominal
(ab-DOM-ih-nal)
[abdomin- belly, -al relating to]
abdominal cavity
(ab-DOM-ih-nal KAV-ih-tee)
[abdomin- belly, -al relating to, cav- hollow, -ity state]
abdominopelvic cavity
(ab-DOM-ih-noh-PEL-vik KAV-ih-tee)
[abdomin- belly, -pelv- basin, cav- hollow, -ity state]
abdominopelvic quadrant
(ab-DOM-ih-noh-PEL-vik KWOD-rant)
[abdomin- belly, -pelv- basin, quadran- fourth part]
abdominopelvic region
(ab-DOM-ih-noh-PEL-vik REE-jun)
[abdomin- belly, -pelv- basin, -ic relating to]
anatomical position
(an-ah-TOM-ih-kal poh-ZISH-un)
[ana- apart, -tom- cut, -ical- relating to, posit- place, -tion state]
anatomist
(ah-NAT-oh-mist)
[ana- apart, -tom- cut, -ist agent]
anatomy
(ah-NAT-oh-mee)
[ana- apart, -tom- cut, -y action]
antebrachial
(an-tee-BRAY-kee-al)
[ante- front -brachi- arm, -al relating to]
anterior
(an-TEER-ee-or)
[ante- front, -er- more, -or quality]
anthropology
(an-thro-POL-oh-jee)
[anthropo- human, -log- words (study of), -y activity]
appendicular
(ah-pen-DIK-yoo-lar)
[append- hang upon, -ic- relating to, -ul- little, -ar relating to]
axial
(AK-see-al)
[axi- axis, -al relating to]
axillary
(AK-sil-layr-ee)
[axilla- wing, -ary relating to]
bilateral symmetry
(bye-LAT-er-al SIM-eh-tree)
[bi- two, -later- side, -al relating to, sym- together, -metr- measure, -ry condition of]
brachial
(BRAY-kee-al)
[brachi- arm, -al relating to]
buccal
(BUK-al)
[bucca- cheek, -al relating to]
carpal
(KAR-pul)
[carp- wrist, -al relating to]
cavity
(KAV-ih-tee)
[cav- hollow, -ity state]
cell
(sel)
[cell storeroom]
cephalic
(seh-FAL-ik)
[cephal- head, -ic relating to]
cervical
(SER-vih-kal)
[cervic- neck, -al relating to]
chemical level
(KEM-ih-kal LEV-el)
[chem- alchemy, -ical relating to]
control center
(kon-TROHL SEN-ter)
cranial
(KRAY-nee-al)
[crani- skull, -al relating to]
cranial cavity
(KRAY-nee-al KAV-ih-tee)
[crani- skull, -al relating to, cav- hollow, -ity state]
crural
(KROOR-al)
[crur- leg, -al relating to]
cubital
(KYOO-bih-tal)
[cubit- elbow, -al relating to]
cutaneous
(kyoo-TAYN-ee-us)
[cut- skin, -aneous relating to]
deep
diaphragm
(DYE-ah-fram)
[dia- across, -phrag- enclose]
digital
(DIJ-ih-tal)
[digit- finger or toe, -al relating to]
directional term
(dih-REK-shun-al term)
dissection
(dis-SEK-shun)
[dis- apart, -sect- cut, -tion process]
distal
(DIS-tal)
[dist- distance, -al relating to]
dorsal
(DOR-sal)
[dors- back, -al relating to]
dorsal cavity
(DOR-sal KAV-ih-tee)
[dors- back, -al relating to, cav- hollow, -ity state]
effector
(ef-FEK-tor)
[effect- accomplish, -or agent]
epigastric region
(ep-ih-GAS-trik REE-jun)
[epi- upon, gastr- stomach, -ic relating to]
experimental control
(eks-payr-ih-MENT-el KON-trohl)
[ex- out of, -peri- tested, -ment- thing, -al relating to]
experimentation
(eks-payr-ih-men-TAY-shun)
[ex- out of, -peri- tested, -ment- thing, -tion process]
facial
(FAY-shal)
[faci- face, -al relating to]
feedback loop
(FEED-bak loop)
femoral
(FEM-or-al)
[femor- thigh, -al relating to]
frontal
(FRUN-tal)
[front- forehead, -al relating to]
frontal plane
(FRUN-tal playn)
[front- forehead, -al relating to, plan- flat surface]
gluteal
(GLOO-tee-al)
[glut- buttocks, -al relating to]
homeostasis
(hoh-mee-oh-STAY-sis)
[homeo- same or equal, -stasis standing still]
hypochondriac region
(hye-poh-KON-dree-ak REE-jun)
[hypo- under or below, -chondr- cartilage, -ac relating to]
hypogastric region
(hye-poh-GAST-rik REE-jun)
[hypo- under or below, gastr- stomach, -ic relating to]
hypothesis
(hye-POTH-eh-sis)
pl., hypotheses
(hye-POTH-eh-seez)
[hypo- under or below, -thesis placing or proposition]
iliac region
(IL-ee-ak REE-jun)
[ilia- loin or gut (ileum), -ac relating to]
inferior
(in-FEER-ee-or)
[infer- lower, -or quality]
inguinal
(ING-gwih-nal)
[inguin- groin, -al relating to]
lateral
(LAT-er-al)
[later- side, -al relating to]
law
levels of organization
(LEV-elz ov or-gan-ih-ZAY-shun)
lumbar
(LUM-bar)
[lumb- loin, -ar relating to]
lumbar region
(LUM-bar, REE-jun)
[lumb- loin, -ar relating to]
mammary
(MAM-mah-ree)
[mamma- breast, -ry relating to]
medial
(MEE-dee-al)
[media- middle, -al relating to]
mediastinum
(MEE-dee-as-TYE-num)
[mediastin- midway, -um thing]
microbiome
(my-kroh-BYE-ohm)
[micro- small, -bio- life, -ome entire collection]
midsagittal plane
(mid-SAJ-ih-tal playn)
[mid- middle, -sagitta- arrow, -al relating to]
nasal
(NAY-zal)
[nas- nose, -al relating to]
negative feedback
(NEG-ah-tiv FEED-bak)
[nega- deny, -tive relating to]
oblique plane
(oh-BLEEK playn)
[obliq- slanted, plan- flat surface]
occipital
(awk-SIP-it-al)
[occipit- back of head, -al relating to]
olecranal
(oh-LEK-rah-nal)
[olecran- elbow, -al relating to]
ophthalmic
(of-THAL-mik)
[oph- eye or vision, -thalm- inner chamber, -ic relating to]
oral
(OR-al)
[or- mouth, -al relating to]
orbital
(OR-bih-tal)
[orbi- circle, -al relating to]
organ
(OR-gan)
[organ tool or instrument]
organism
(OR-gah-niz-im)
[organ- instrument, -ism condition]
palmar
(PAHL-mar)
[palm- palm of hand, -ar relating to]
pedal
(PEED-al)
[ped- foot, -al relating to]
pelvic
(PEL-vik)
[pelvi- basin, -ic relating to]
pelvic cavity
(PEL-vik KAV-ih-tee)
[pelvi- basin, -ic relating to, cav- hollow, -ity state]
perineal
(payr-ih-NEE-al)
[peri- around, -ine- excrete (perineum), -al relating to]
physiology
(fiz-ee-OL-oh-jee)
[physio- nature (function), -o- combining vowel, -log- words (study of), -y activity]
plane
(playn)
[plan- flat surface]
plantar
(PLAN-tar)
[planta- sole of foot, -ar relating to]
pleural
(PLOOR-al)
[pleura- rib, -al relating to]
pleural cavity
(PLOOR-al KAV-ih-tee)
[pleura- rib, -al relating to, cav- hollow, -ity state]
popliteal
(pop-lih-TEE-al)
[poplit- back of knee, -al relating to]
positive feedback
(POZ-it-iv FEED-bak)
[posit- to place or amplify, -tive relating to]
posterior
(pohs-TEER-ee-or)
[poster- behind, -or quality]
prone
[prone lying face down]
proximal
(PROK-sih-mal)
[proxima- near, -al relating to]
sagittal plane
(SAJ-ih-tal playn)
[sagitta- arrow, -al relating to, plan- flat surface]
scientific method
(sye-en-TIF-ik METH-od)
section
(SEK-shun)
[sect- cut, -ion process or state]
sensor
(SEN-sor)
[sens- feel, -or relating to]
spinal cavity
(SPY-nal KAV-ih-tee)
[spin- backbone, -al relating to, cav- hollow, -ity state]
superficial
(soo-per-FISH-al)
[super- over or above, -fici- face, -al relating to]
superior
(soo-PEER-ee-or)
[super- over or above, -or quality]
supine
(SOO-pyne)
[supin- lying on the back]
supraclavicular
(soo-prah-klah-VIK-yoo-lar)
[supra- above or over, -clavi- key, -ul- little, -ar relating to]
system
(SIS-tem)
[sy(n)- together, -stem standing]
tarsal
(TAR-sal)
[tars- ankle, -al relating to]
temporal
(TEM-poh-ral)
[tempora- temple (of head), -al relating to]
theory
(THEE-ah-ree)
[theor- look at, -y act of]
thoracic
(thoh-RAS-ik)
[thorac- chest (thorax), -ic relating to]
thoracic cavity
(thoh-RAS-ik KAV-ih-tee)
[thorac- chest (thorax), -ic relating to, cav- hollow, -ity state]
tissue
(TISH-yoo)
[tissu- fabric]
transverse plane
(TRANS-vers playn)
[trans- across or through, -vers turn, plan- flat surface]
umbilical
(um-BIL-ih-kul)
[umbilic- navel, -al relating to]
ventral
(VEN-tral)
[ventr- belly, -al relating to]
ventral cavity
(VEN-tral KAV-ih-tee)
[ventr- belly, -al relating to, cav- hollow, -ity state]
volar
(VOH-lar)
[vola- hollow of hand, -ar relating to]
zygomatic
(zye-goh-MAT-ik)
[zygo- union or yoke, -ic relating to]