Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

Language of science

April 29, 2021

Before reading the chapter, say each of these terms out loud. This will help you to avoid stumbling over them as you read.

acetyl CoA
(ah-SEET-il koh ay)
[acetyl vinegar, CoA coenxyme A]
aerobic
(ayr-OH-bik)
[aer- air, -bi- life, -ic relating to]
agricultural scientist
(ag-rih-KUL-cher-al SYE-en-tist)
[agr- field, -cultur- tilling, -al relating to, scien- knowledge, -ist agent]
amino acid
(ah-MEE-no AS-id)
[amino NH2, acid sour]
anabolism
(ah-NAB-oh-liz-em)
[ana- up, -bol- throw (build), -ism action]
anaerobic
(an-ayr-OH-bik)
[an- without, -aer- air, -bi- life, -ic relating to]
antioxidant
(an-tee-OK-seh-dent)
[anti- against, -oxi- sharp (oxygen), -ant agent]
appetite center
(AP-ah-tyte SEN-ter)
[a(d)- toward, -pet- seek out, -ite relating to]
assimilation
(ah-sim-ih-LAY-shun)
[assimila- make alike, -tion process]
basal metabolic rate (BMR)
(BAY-sal met-ah-BAHL-ik rayt [bee em ar])
[bas- basis, -al relating to, meta- over, -bol- throw, -ic relating to]
calorie
(KAL-or-ee)
[calor- heat, -ie full of]
carbohydrate loading
(kar-boh-HYE-drayt LOHD-ing)
[carbo- carbon, -hydr- hydrogen, -ate oxygen]
catabolism
(kah-TAB-oh-liz-em)
[cata- against, -bol- throw, -ism condition]
cholesterol
(koh-LES-ter-ol)
[chole- bile, -stero- solid, -ol alcohol]
citric acid cycle
(SIT-rik AS-id SYE-kul)
[citr- lemon, -ic relating to, acid sour, cycle circle]
conduction
(kon-DUK-shun)
[con- with, duct- lead, -tion process]
convection
(kon-VEK-shun)
[con- together, -vect- carry, -tion process]
electron transport system (ETS)
(eh-LEK-tron TRANZ-port SIS-tem [ee tee es])
[electr- electricity, -on subatomic particle, trans- across, -port carry]
evaporation
(ee-vap-oh-RAY-shun)
[e- out from, -vapor steam, -ation process]
food science
(food SYE-ens)
[scienc- knowledge]
free radical
(free RAD-ih-kal)
[radic- root, -al relating to]
gluconeogenesis
(gloo-koh-nee-oh-JEN-eh-sis)
[gluco- sweet (glucose), -neo- new, -gen- produce, -esis process]
glycogen
(GLYE-koh-jen)
[glyco- sweet, -gen produce]
glycogen loading
(GLYE-koh-jen LOHD-ing)
[glyco- sweet (glucose), -gen produce]
glycogenesis
(glye-koh-JEN-eh-sis)
[glyco- sweet (glucose), -gen- produce, -esis process]
glycogenolysis
(glye-koh-jeh-NOL-ih-sis)
[glyco- sweet (glucose), -gen- produce, -o- combining vowel, -lysis loosening]
glycolysis
(glye-KAHL-ih-sis)
[glyco- sweet (glucose), -o- combining vowel, -lysis loosening]
insulin
(IN-suh-lin)
[insul- island, -in substance]
joule (J or j)
(jool)
[James Prescott Joule English physicist]
kilocalorie (kcal; also calorie)
(KIL-oh-kal-oh-ree)
[kilo- one thousand, -calor- heat, -ie full of]
Krebs cycle
(krebz SYE-kul)
[Sir Hans Adolf Krebs British biochemist, cycl- circle]
macronutrient
(MAK-roh-NOO-tree-ent)
[macro- large, -nutri- nourish, -ent agent]
metabolism
(meh-TAB-oh-liz-em)
[meta- over, -bol- throw, -ism action]
micronutrient
(MY-kroh-NOO-tree-ent)
[micro- small, -nutri- nourish, -ent agent]
nutrition
(noo-TRIH-shun)
[nutri- nourish, -tion process]
plasma protein
(PLAZ-mah PROH-teen)
[plasma substance, prote- primary, -in substance]
pyrogen
(PYE-roh-jen)
[pyro- heat, -gen produce]
pyruvic acid
(pye-ROO-vik AS-id)
[pyr- heat, -uv- grape, -ic relating to]
radiation
(ray-dee-AY-shun)
[radiat- send out rays, -ion process]
satiety center
(sah-TYE-eh-tee SEN-ter)
[sati- enough or full, -ety state]
thermoregulation
(ther-moh-reg-yoo-LAY-shun)
[therm- heat, -o- combining vowel, -regula- rule, -ation process]
total metabolic rate (TMR)
(TOH-tal met-ah-BOL-ik rayt [tee em ar])
[meta- over, -bol- throw, -ic relating to]
urea
(yoo-REE-ah)
[urea urine]
vitamin
(VYE-tah-min)
[vita- life, -amin ammonia compound]
Language of medicine
anorexia nervosa
(an-oh-REK-see-ah ner-VOH-sah)
[an- without, -orex- appetite, -ia condition, nerv- nerve, -osa relating to]
avitaminosis
(ay-vye-tah-mih-NOH-sis)
[a- without, -vita- life, -amin- ammonia compound, -osis condition]
bulimarexia
(boo-lee-mah-REK-see-ah)
[bu- ox, -lim- hunger, -orex- appetite, -ia condition]
bulimia
(boo-LEE-mee-ah)
[bu- ox, -lim- hunger, -ia condition]
fever
(FEE-ver)
frostbite
(FROST-byte)
heat exhaustion
(heet eg-ZAWS-chun)
heatstroke
(HEET-strohk)
[stroke strike]
hypercholesterolemia
(hye-per-koh-les-ter-ohl-EE-mee-ah)
[hyper- excessive, -chole- bile, -stero- solid, -ol- alcohol, -emia blood condition]
hypervitaminosis
(hye-per-vye-tah-mih-NOH-sis)
[hyper- excessive, -vita- life, -amin- ammonia compound, -osis condition]
hypothermia
(hye-poh-THER-mee-ah)
[hypo- under or below, -therm- heat, -ia abnormal condition]
kwashiorkor
(kwah-shee-OR-kor)
[kwashiorkor one who is displaced (from the breast)]
malignant hyperthermia (MH)
(mah-LIG-nant hye-per-THERM-ee-ah [em aych])
[malign- bad, -ant state, hyper- excessive, -therm- heat, -ia abnormal condition]
marasmus
(mah-RAZ-mus)
[marasmus a wasting]
obesity
(oh-BEES-ih-tee)
[ob- over, -es- eat, -ity state]
phenylketonuria (PKU)
(fen-il-kee-toh-NOO-ree-ah)
[phen- shining (phenol), -yl- chemical, -keton- acetone, -ur- urine, -ia condition]
protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM)
(PROH-teen-KAL-or-ee mal-noo-TRISH-un [pee see em])
[prote- primary, -in substance, calor- heat, -ie full of, mal- bad, -nutri- nourish, -tion process]
scurvy
(SKER-vee)
[scur- sour milk, -vy a swelling]
statin
(STAT-in)
[stat- stand, -in substance]