Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress


April 11, 2024

adhesions    (ad HEE zhuns) Bands of scar tissue that can bind anatomic structures together.
amenorrhea    (ey men uh REE uh) Lack of menstrual flow.
anencephaly    (an en SEF uh lee) Congenital absence of part or all of the brain.
anovulation    (an OV yuh ley shun) Failure of the ovaries to release an ovum at the time of ovulation.
Bartholin cyst    (BAR thoh lin sist) A fluid-filled cyst in one of the vestibular glands located on either side of the vaginal orifice.
clitoris    (KLIT uh ris) Sensitive, erectile tissue.
colposcopy    (kol PAW skoh pee) Using a microscope with a light source, the vagina and cervix are visually examined to locate and evaluate abnormal cells. A biopsy of abnormal cells may be taken during this procedure.
cone biopsy    An extensive cervical biopsy during which a cone-shaped wedge of tissue is removed from the cervix and examined under a microscope. Abnormal tissue, along with a small amount of normal tissue, is removed.
curettage    (kyoo r I TAZH) A small, spoon-shaped instrument (curette) or a thin brush is used to scrape a tissue sample from the cervix.
cystic fibrosis (CF)    A disorder that affects all the exocrine cells but affects the respiratory system the most. Mucus is abnormally thick and blocks the alveoli, causing dyspnea.
Down syndrome    A genetic disorder in which abnormal cell division results in an extra chromosome 21.
dysmenorrhea    (dis men uh REE uh) Painful menstrual flow, cramps.
dyspareunia    (dis ph ROO nee ah) Painful or difficult intercourse.
ectopic pregnancy    (eck TAH pick PREG nuhn se) Implantation of the embryo in any location other than the uterus.
gamete    (GAM eet) A mature sexual reproductive cell; spermatozoa or ovum.
gonads    (GOH nadz) Organs that produce sex cells in both males and females.
hemophilia    (hee moh FEE lee ah) A group of inherited blood disorders characterized by a deficiency of one of the factors necessary for the coagulation of blood.
hysterectomy    Surgical removal of the uterus and cervix. The ovaries and fallopian tubes may also be removed.
labia majora    (LAY bee ah muh JOR ah) The larger external folds of skin surrounding the opening of the vagina.
labia minora    (LAY bee ah min NOR uh) The smaller inner folds of skin surrounding the opening of the vagina.
laparoscopy    (lap ar AW scoh pee) A procedure used to visually examine the abdomen.
loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)    After an anesthetic has been injected into the cervix, a high-frequency electrical current running through a wire is used to remove abnormal tissue from both the cervix and the endocervical canal.
lumpectomy    (luhm PEK tuh mee) Removal of the breast tumor and a small amount of the surrounding tissue.
mastectomy    (ma STEK tuh mee) Removal of the entire breast.
meningocele    (meh NING goh seel) The protrusion of the meninges through an opening in the spinal column or skull.
menometrorrhagia    (men oh meh troh RAH zsa) Excessive menstrual flow and uterine bleeding other than that caused by menstruation.
menorrhagia    (men or RAH zsa) Abnormally heavy menstrual flow or prolonged menstrual periods.
necrosis    (nuh KROH sis) Tissue death.
orifice    (ORE ih fis) The vaginal opening.
osteoporosis    (os tee oh phuh ROH sis) Abnormal thinning of the bone structure, causing bones to become brittle and weak.
ovulation    (OV yuh ley shun) The release of the ovum from the ovarian follicle.
perineum    (pair ih NEE um) The area between the opening of the vagina and the anus.
phenylketonuria (PKU)    A deficiency in the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase, which is responsible for converting phenylalanine into tyrosine.
preeclampsia    (pree eh KLAMP see ah) An abnormal condition of pregnancy of unknown cause, marked by hypertension, edema, and proteinuria.
purulent    (PYOOR yoo lent) Pus like.
salpingo-oophorectomy    (sal ping goh oh of or EK toh mee) Surgical removal of the fallopian tube and ovary.
sentinel node biopsy    Removal of a limited number of lymph nodes to determine if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.
sickle cell anemia    An inherited anemia characterized by crescent-shaped red blood cells (RBCs). It causes RBCs to block capillaries, reducing the oxygen supply to the cells.
spina bifida    (SPY nah BIF id dah) A condition in which the spinal column has an abnormal opening that allows protrusion of the meninges or the spinal column.
symmetry    (SIM i tree) Similarity in size, form, and arrangement of parts on opposite sides of the body.
viability    Ability to live.